Arabic has a reputation for being notoriously difficult to learn. This is all propaganda developed over centuries to distance you with the living Miracle that exists until today. A miracle that you can feel, experience and be astonished on a daily basis.
Time and time again, I discover that Quran Arabic is amazingly simple while learning the language. Take example the roles played by a noun or Ism in a sentence which can be divided into 3 which is rafa’, nasb, jarr. which have been explained in the status of words in the Quran. We know that Rafa’ represent doer in a sentence. Rafa’ represent the doer in the sentence, while nasb represent the details in the sentence about the doer, and nasb is any word that come after the word ‘of.
How do you recognise these roles call rafa’ nasb’ and jarr? How long do you have to learn Quran Arabic to identify them in the Quran? Days? Weeks? Years?. It is unbelievably simple that you can spot them in the Quran before you finish this 5-minute article.
The really cool thing is in Arabic you don’t need to look at the whole sentence to figure out which word is rafa’ nasb or jarr. You just have to look at the end of a word and you will immediately know whether a particular word is rafa’ nasb or jarr. Alright let’s go over them one by one:
Rafa’ – Whenever an Ism (noun) takes up a main role in a sentence it is called rafa’. This main actor in a sentence always end with the sounds ‘oo’ or ‘oon’. An example would be Al Kitabu or kitabun. In Arabic script the word ends with a dhammah or dhamatain.
Nasb – Whenever an Ism is playing a supporting role it is called nasb. A word which is nasb always end ‘a’or ‘an’ sound. An example would be Al kitaba or kitaban which is represented with the Fatah or Fatahtain sign.
Jar – Whenever an Ism comes after the word ‘of’ like the book of Ahmad or any word that comes a preposition it always end up with the ‘ee’ or ‘een’ sound. So in this case the word kitab would become Al kitabi or kitabin. with the kasrah or kasrahtain.
Let’s demonstrate this in action with a sentence The boy wrote the letter in the mosque. First thing you got to do as explain in the status of words in the Quran is to find the action. And the action here is ‘wrote’. The next thing is we have to find who is the doer of the action. In this case it is the the boy so the boy is rafa’.
What are the supporting details about the action? What did he wrote? He wrote a letter so the word letter must be nasb. How about the jar? There is no after of word here but the word ‘in’ is a preposition so the next word after the word ‘in’ is the word mosque. So the word mosque is jarr.
Now it is your turn to open the Quran and look for Rafa, nasb and jarr. It is so unbelievably simple.
Shahfizal Musa is the editor of Halalop. He graduated with a Law degree from Thames Valley University London. He is an award-winning journalist covering topics such as human trafficking, Muslim research discoveries, and exceptional Muslims.