Last week we went over the first rule of Tajweed in Sheikh Al jamzuri Tuhfatul Atfaal, a poem that summarises the rules of tajweed. This week we are going over the second rule explained in theTuhfatul atfaal.
The lines of the poems if translated would say something like this And the second rule is idgham. Idgham still falls under the topic of nun sakeenah & Tanween.
What is Idgham
Idhgam is to mix to merge or mix to sound together. This happens when nun sakeenah or tanween meet any of these six letters Ya, Ra, Meem, Lam, Wau & Nun. Sheikh Jamzuri gives an acronym that makes those six letters easy to remember. The acrynom Yurmalun.
These idgham letters are like the Security Council in the United Nations where the few selected countries have veto power . The veto power of the Security council can drown whatever resolution has been passed by member countries. The member countries have to follow whatever decision made by security council.
Similarly the letters Nun Sakeenah and letters with Tanween lose their identity and sound once they collide with any Yurmaloon letters. So these Yurmaloon letters have veto power and the letter comes before the letters of Idgham which is Ya, Ra, Meem, Lam Wau & Nun.
Now there are two types of idgham, one with a nasal sound the other without the nasal sound. But for now all you should take from this article is Idgham makes nun sakeenah and letters with tanween lose their sound and get assimilated into the sounds of the Yarmaloon letters in front of it.
Shahfizal Musa is the Founder and Managing Editor of Halalop. He graduated with a Law degree from Thames Valley University London. He is an award-winning journalist covering topics such as human trafficking, Muslim research discoveries, and exceptional Muslims.